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Ring shanks are an important element of a ring and come in a range of styles. The type of ring shank you choose can affect not just the beauty but also the comfort of the fit. Each ring shank has its own unique look and offer a different feel the overall ring design.
Let’s take a look at what a ring shank is and the 10 main types of ring shanks to choose from. Remember that these are the most popular ones and most ring shanks will fall into one of the following 9 categories. Having said that, you’re only limited by your imagination. A ring shank can be as creative as you want it to be.
The Parts of a Ring
Before we start identifying the different types of shanks that a ring can have, let’s take a quick look at the anatomy of a ring.
- The prongs refer to the little metal bars that hold the center stone in place. This can range from 3 to 8 or more, with 4 and 6 prong engagement rings being the most common. Not all rings have prongs as some have bezels while others can be flush set, to name a few.
- The setting is the part of the ring that holds the stone. This is sometimes called the head of the ring.
- The shoulders refer to the sides of the ring, that slope towards the center stone. It supports the setting and holds it in place.
- The profile is the cross-section or side view of the ring and comes in a wide variety of types.
- The shank refers to the band or the hoop of the ring. There are many types of ring shanks, from plain simple metal bands to elaborate, extravagant styles.
Now that we know the different elements that make up a ring, let’s take a look at one particular element – the ring shank.
Types of Ring Shanks
There are many types of shanks for rings, but most can be categorized into the following styles:
- Straight Shank
A ring with a straight shank features a band that has the same width at all points. This type of shank is very basic, with no tapering or splitting, and simply serves to hold the center stone or be worn as a wedding band. This shank style typically features flat edges, but if the edges are curved, it’s known as a comfort fit band.
- Split Shank
One of the more popular types of shanks, split shanks feature a single metal shank that splits into two as it nears the center stone. At first glance, a split shank can appear like two bands but a closer look will show that the two are merely the result of splitting the single band. These shanks can come in a wide variety, from a very slight split like this classic 14k white gold solitaire ring, or very elaborate and unique like this alternating shapes open split shank ring.
- Open Split Shank
An open split shank is very similar to regular split shank rings, except that the gap is a lot wider and dramatic. The split also goes further around the circumference of the band, appearing like two separate bands. Open split shank rings are perfect for a complex looking design and especially ideal if you’re going for an all in one ring.
- Cross Over Shank
The crossover shank typically refers to a split shank where the bands crossover or twist around each other to create a unique design. This complex design instantly elevates a simple band and adds texture and depth to the look. Again, this is a versatile design choice that can come in a wide range of styles.
- Bypass Shank
A bypass ring features a metal band that separates as it reaches the center stone, becoming two sections. Instead of a single continuous band, the band is parted and depending on the design, can overlap or be separated. This is a versatile style that can be modified to suit a wide range of designs and typically gives an elegant, flowing feel to the ring.
- Tapered Shank
A tapered shank refers to when the ring band becomes thinner as it reaches the center stone, resulting in a band with different widths at different points. The benefits of a tapered band is that it tends to make the center stone appear larger than it is. It also tends to elongate the finger, making them appear longer and slimmer.
- Knife Edge Shank
Knife edge shanks feature a sharp edge that go around the outer edge of the band, which is what gives the style its name. The knife edge shank creates a unique look, with the edge effectively splitting the band into two sloping edges, meeting at the knifepoint. While this makes for an intriguing look, a knife edge can feel uncomfortable especially if you’re squeezing your fingeres together. Even so, most people don’t have an issue with the knife edge shank.
- Cathedral Shank
Cathedral shank refers to a typical engagement band with the main difference being that the shank ends in two arches designed to hold the setting of the center stone. In these settings, the stone is held up high by the arches, imitating the beauty and elegance of a cathedral and drawing all eyes onto the stone as the focal point of the ring. The end result is a beautiful ring style that can be either minimalistic or dramatic but always stylish and elegant.
- Flat/Euro Shank
Flat shanks, sometimes called Euro shanks, look like regular rings except that they have a square bottom. These look modern and stylish and give a new twist to the age-old traditional ring style, although once you wear it, you won’t really notice any visible difference. The main benefit of this is that, as the edges are thicker and angular, it keeps the ring from spinning. However, it can feel a little thicker and noticeable for people who aren’t used to the feel of a ring.
- Custom Shank Styles
As I mentioned above, you can get as creative as you want with your engagement ring shank. The ring featured above is designed with the shank split into three instead of two sections, essentially creating a triple band look. This is just an example of what a good designer can add to a traditional looking ring, elevating its look and making it truly different.
When choosing your ring design, consider the comfort of the ring, your lifestyle, your budget, shape of your hands and preferences to help you decide. The ring should not only look good but also feel good and this is largely dictated by the type of shank you choose.